THE BULLETI N
Nort-h Carolina Department- of Agriculture
L. Y. Ballentine, Commissioner
Number 167 March, 1962
This thirteenth annual issue of the Tobacco Report
has been compiled and prepared by W. P. Hedrick and
J. H. Cyrus, tobacco specialists with the Division of
Markets of the North Carolina Department of Agri-
culture, in cooperation with the U. S. Department of
Agriculture under the Research and Marketing Act.
Credit is due the Cooperative Crop Reporting
Service of the North Carolina and United States De-
partments of Agriculture, and the Tobacco Branch of
the USDA Agricultural Marketing Service for much
of the statistical data contained herein.
This issue of the Tobacco Report is dedicated to the
U. S. Department of Agriculture's Tobacco Inspection
and Market News Service. The value of the unbiased
information has enabled tobacco growers to market
their crop on a basis of fair competition.
Commissioner of Agriculture
For free distribution by the Tobacco Section,
Markets Division, North. Carolina Depart-
ment of Agriculture, Raleigh, N. C.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
The Flue-Cured Outlook. 1962 _... _. 5
The Burley Tobacco Outook, 1962 11
North Carolina Flue-Cured Crops, 1919-1961 12
North Carolina Burley Crops, 1928-1961 „ 13
State Summary, 1961-62 14
North Carolina Tobacco Warehouse Sales Report, 1961-62 16
Summary of Dealer and Warehous Resales, 1961-62 18
Prdoucer and Gross Sales of Flue-Cured Tobacco By States, 1961 18
Stabilization Receipts by Belts— 1961 18
Flue-Cured Movement In and Out of North Carolina 19
Burley Movement In and Out of North Carolina 19
North Carolina Flue-Cured Tobacco Allotments, 1962 20
North Carolina Burley Tobacco Allotments, 1962 _ .22
USDA's Tobacco Inspection Service —23
North Carolina Tobacco Warehouses and Operators
By Belts and Markets 26
Domestic Cigarette Consumption By Kinds, 1961 Back Cover
Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2011 with funding from
State Library of North Carolina
Flue-Cured Outlook 1962
The adoption by North Carolina flue-cured tobacco growers
of new varieties of seed and cultural techniques are paying divi-
dends on the auction sales floors. This was evident during the
1961 sales season, when growers received over $530 million dol-
lars for a crop raised on 462 thousand acres of land.
During a short span of ten years, growers have increased
yields per acre almost one-third. In 1952 it took 735,000 acres
to produce the allotted poundage — today 462,000 acres accom-
plish the same purpose.
This year growers will have a large selection of disease resist-
ant and old line non-resistant varieties to choose from, thanks
to the Variety Evaluation Program conducted by North Carolina
State College. This program is participated in by both public
and private seed breeders.
Before a new variety of seed is offered to the growers it must
be declared to be correctly identified by the Tobacco Seed Com-
mittee and recorded with the Department of Agriculture. This
is a prerequisite to legal sale of tobacco seed in the state. The
Committee's action does not constitute a recommendation of the
varieties. Its sole function is variety identification to insure
correct labeling of the seed. The Committee approved 38 varie-
ties for recording in 1962, and several varieties have given out-
standing results in yields per acre and quality in field tests.
There have been important changes in recent years, both in
improved cultural practices and in mechanization. In general
farming, mechanization and efficiency have increased at a rapid
rate and this certainly applies also to tobacco farming.
However, even with present improvement, much of our flue-
cured tobacco is still produced in the old-fashioned way. How-
ever, at agricultural colleges and on some individual farms, ex-
periments are being conducted that could ultimately change
tobacco production extensively in the future,. The use of bulk
curers began to spread over the flue-cured area during 1961, and
between thirty and forty were used successfully.
Experiments with mechanical harvesters in field use have
advanced to the place that a few may be used in connection with
bulk curing in 1962.
Last year the U. S. Department of Agriculture released a
report on the effect of using MH-30 as a desuckering agent. The
report was not conclusive. However, it is generally conceded
that a large percentage of the 1961 flue-cured crop was so
Probably the next move by growers will be to sell tobacco on
the warehouse floors loose-leaf, or untied. During recent years
there has been considerable interest shown by growers in the
difference in prices paid for certain grades of tobacco sold tied
on the North Carolina markets and sold untied on the Georgia
markets. These differences, real or imagined, have encouraged
the movement of considerable quantities of tobacco, especially
in the early part of the season to be sold in Georgia. In fact,
during the 1961 season over five and a half million pounds were
sold in Georgia.
Growers have a large selection of disease resistant and old line non-resistant
varieties from which to choose.
Due to poor sorting by farmers, extra labor is used in hanging rooms to pluck
Beside the price differential growers are interested in the time
and labor saving aspects of selling untied tobacco. According to
a study made by the U.S.D.A. it takes about 70 man hours per
100 pounds to sort and tie tobacco. While if it is sold untied the
time required to prepare 100 pounds for market takes only about
two man-hours. If and when this practice is accepted on North
Carolina markets, labor needed to market the crop in this state
will be reduced in this proportion.
As the use of mechanical harvesters and bulk curing increases,
growers in North Carolina will become more interested in untied
sales. So far the principal objections to selling untied tobacco
has come from exporting companies. However, as the industry
changes redrying and manufacturing techniques we could move
gradually toward selling the entire crop untied.
But in spite of all the advances in production, tobacco is still
a crisis crop, controlled by the weather and the whims and fancies
of the buyers. The domestic market situation is pretty well
stabilized. Cigarettes manufactured in the United States during
1961 reached 535 billion pieces and increases at the rate of three
to four percent annually are expected in the future. In 1961
domestic use of flue-cured probably reached 825 million pounds,
or equal the 1951 usings which were the highest in flue-cured
history. The total supply of flue-cured available going into 1962
is slightly less than last year. By mid-1962 the supply level will
probably be about the same as last year. With the allotted acre-
age increased 4.3 percent and the yields per acre equal to the
1959-61 average, a crop of 1,270 million pounds may be produced.
If this is the situation the carry-over in mid-year will be the
same as a year ago. Growers must look to cigarettes for in-
creased uses of flue-cured as other products, such as smoking
and chewing tobacco, using very little flue-cured show no increases
or losses in amounts used. Smoking tobacco consumption has
remained constant for about six years and with incomes of
most customers holding at comparatively high levels, little change
in smoking tobacco output is expected in 1962.
Chewing tobacco, using some flue-cured, has been showing
steady declines for several years. However, in 1961 consumption
held at the same rate as in 1960.
Therefore, growers expecting increased usings of flue-cured
should be happy over the fact that cigarette consumption and
output have set new record highs for the past five years.
Although manufacturers have not advanced cigarette prices
in the past five years, smokers are paying higher prices at the
retail counter because of increased cigarette tax rates in many
states. Several states began taxing cigarettes during this period.
Beside the eight cent Federal tax, 47 states tax cigarettes at
an average rate of five cents per pack, this is an increase of II/2
cents per pack in the past five years.
It is estimated that consumers spend 6.9 billion dollars a year
for cigarettes and of this amount almost half, or 3.1 billion, goes
to Federal, State and local governments.
It appears that the consumption of cigarettes will continue to
rise during the coming years, as our population expands and the
income of the consumers remains at a high level.
The future prospects of our export trade continue to be ham-
pered by growing competition from countries expanding their
flue-cured production. Rhodesia, Canada and India are our
major competitors. Rhodesia's 1961 crop totaled 237 million
pounds, the largest on record. This was accomplished principally
by increasing yields per acre. The average yield per acre has
now reached 1,042, an increase of more than 200 pounds per acre
in the last two years. The average price per pound was 39.5
cents. This price was .4 of a cent below the 1960 average. The
United Kingdom purchased 110 million pounds in 1961, which
was 10 million above a year ago.
Canada's 1961 crop is estimated at 201 million pounds or two
per cent less than the 1960 crop. Canadian markets opened for
the sale of the 1961 crop on November 23 and through December
had sold over 30 million pounds for an average price of 50.49
cents per pound. Canada's exports of flue-cured during the first
six months of 1961 were 35 million pounds, almost the total
amount consigned to the United Kingdom.
The 1961 flue-cured crop in India is estimated at 155 million
pounds. Exports for the flrst six months were placed at 51
million pounds with about 35 million pounds going to the United
Kingdom. World consumption of cigarettes is increasing at
about five per cent annually and is assisting these countries to
increase their exports. North Carolina growers can expect
tough sledding in its 1962 export trade.
Foreign tobacco production during the past 10 years has been
encouraged by the relatively high prices of North Carolina cig-
arette leaf. For low and medium grades, especially, our prices
are higher than for similar quality leaf in Rhodesia. Also ham-
pering our export trade are mixing regulations which give wide
advantages to local tobacco producers in several foreign coun-
Another important threat to flue-cured tobacco production
comes from Western Europe. Traditionally we have exported
about one-third of our production to European countries. Al-
ready growers are feeling the squeeze of the European Common
Market and are faced with far more drastic reductions unless
present proposals are changed.
The six nations presently comprising the European Common
Market are France, Belgium, Italy, West Germany, the Nether-
lands, and Luxemburg. Recently Greece was admitted as an
The purpose of the Common Market will be to reduce tariff
rates and other trade barriers for goods shipped to each other
and establish among themselves uniform rates for all goods im-
ported from outside countries.
The agricultural policy for the Common Market countries is
to be: Increasing productivity, raising living standards of the
farm population, stabilizing markets, guaranteeing supplies and
assuring reasonable prices to consumers. France, Italy and
West Germany are already producers of tobacco.
The export situation for flue-cured tobacco will become serious
if the United Kingdom, which buys about 160 million pounds
each year, joins the Common Market. Already provisions have
been made for the British Commonwealth countries to be admit-
ted. That means that Rhodesia and Canada, our strongest flue-
cured competitors will benefit from import tax advantages.
In a recent statement Congressman Harold D. Cooley said :
"Tar Heel tobacco growers will have a decreasing share of an
increasing market, if present proposals are carried through."
The Government and Tobacco Associates are actively seeking
to protect the interests of the tobacco farmer. Let us hope that
their efforts will continue to be effective and tobacco will retain
its proper place in the foreign markets.
Otherwise the outlook for 1962 is the best growers have faced
in the last ten years. The 1962 flue-cured crop will receive price
support as required by law when marketing quotas are in effect.
On December 12th, growers voted in referendum for continuation
of marketing quotas for 1962, 1963 and 1964. Available data
indicate that the 1962 price support will be 56.1 cents per pound,
up half a cent from 1961. Allotted acreage will be 492,000 acres
for North Carolina.
Probably the best indication of the growers' favorable position
is the fact that on January 1st the Flue-Cured Stabilization Cor-
poration had on hand 375 million pounds under the price support
program. This amount was 165 million pounds less than was
held one year ago.
During 1961 the Stabilization Corporation sold 233 million
pounds of tobacco from old crop stocks, as compared to 74 mil-
lion during the previous year. Interest of buyers in the old
crops continues into this year and due to the fact that Stabiliza-
tion received only a relatively small percentage (70 million
pounds) from the 1961 crop, Stabilization's inventory is at its
lowest level since 1954.
The stage is set for the 1962 tobacco crop. Given favorable
weather conditions growers will produce another record crop of
the finest flue-cured tobacco produced in the world. The buyer
demand should be strong on the auction warehouse floors this
fall and from the economic standpoint 1962 should be another
record breaking year for the North Carolina flue-cured tobacco.
Burley Outlook 1962
North Carolina burley tobacco growers had another record
breaking season in 1961. In spite of a six per cent acreage in-
crease, buyer demand was strong throughout the season. Pro-
duction was estimated at 20.6 million pounds with a 2,000 pound
yield per acre. This would mean a record income to burley
growers in Western North Carolina of $13.5 million dollars.
The outlook for 1962 is tied in closely with the over all burley
situation and prospects are good for the future.
The total supply of burley is 1,675 million pounds, practically
the same as a year ago. The 1961 crop of 548 million pounds is
the largest since 1954 and reflects a six per cent acreage increase
received last year. The total supply is equal to three years'
usings. However, burley disappearance has exceeded total pro-
duction for the last seven years and 1961 disappearance is ex-
pected to reach 570 million pounds.
The main outlet for burley is in the manufacture of cigarettes
which are increasing at the rate of three to four per cent yearly.
Considerable burley is used in smoking and plug tobacco and
these products are expected to about hold at present levels.
Burley exports were at 41 million pounds in 1961 and were
the largest in the past 12 years.
The government price support level in 1961 was 57.2 cents per
pound. However loan rates for individual grades were increased
by an average 0.7 cent a pound over 1960. The loan rates are set
prior to the opening of the markets. If the price index continues
to advance it is possible the price support level could be higher
The three burley cooperative associations had only 28 million
pounds of tobacco held under the price support program on Jan-
uary 1st. During 1961 over 50 million pounds were sold from the
The 1962 burley marketing quota and acreage allotments have
been announced by the Secretary of Agriculture at 348,840 acres
which includes another six per cent increase for this year.
Early this year growers will vote in referendum on whether
they favor the continuation of marketing quotas on the 1962,
1963 and 1964 crops. At least two-thirds of the growers voting
must approve if quotas are to continue in effect.
North Carolina Flue-Cured Crops
♦Source : N. C. and USDA Crop Reporting Service.
♦♦Preliminary for 1961.
North Carolina Burley Crops
*Source : X. C. and USDA Crop Reporting Service.
"♦Preliminary for 1961.
State Summary 1961-62
The 1961-62 marketing season was highlighted by a record high market
average and value, plus improved quality over the previous year. According
to the U. S. Standards, a much larger percentage of the crop graded into the
higher quality grades than has been the case in several years.
North Carolina growers received $521,305,446 for the 800,041,265 pounds of
tobacco sold on the 44 flue-cured markets during the 1961 season. This estab-
lished a new record market average of $65.16 per hundred. In 1960 producer
sales in North Carolina amounted to $500,109,487 from the sale of 817,386,008
pounds of tobacco, which averaged $61.18 per hundred. The comparison of
the two years shows that growers received $21,195,959 more in 1961 than in
1960, while selling 17,344,744 pounds less tobacco than was sold in 1960.
The record market average in 1961 was $3.98 per hundred higher than the
previous record of 1960.
The grade support prices for the 1961 crop of tied flue-cured tobacco aver-
aged 92.4% of the 1959 frozen parity, and it was the first time since 1950 that
the support level had reached 90% of parity as required by law. This boost
in support was brought about by following closer to the legal requirements
under the tobacco law, which made it necessary to change the method of
determining the estimated grade distribution in a crop, and to add an average
of 2.4 cents per pound to the grade support prices for 1961. The improvement
in quality of the 1961 crop was another factor that helped boost the 1961
support to the required level.
Type 13 — -The markets in the Border Belt started the 1961 selling sea-
son on August 3, which was about a week earlier than the August 11 opening
of 1960. The quality of the crop was much better than the year before with a
large increase in lemon colored offerings and a sharp decline in variegated
tobacco. Average prices by grades were the highest on record with gains
ranging from $1.00 to $6.00 per hundred. According to the market quotations,
there were only two grades of tobacco that showed a decline in price from
the previous year. They were B5FR and B6FR, the heavy side of leaf tobacco
produced in the Border Belt.
Growers sold 156,475,562 pounds of tobacco in the belt during the 1961
marketing season, from which they received $102,935,842 giving them a record
season average of $65.78 per hundred. In 1960 they sold 150,575,437 pounds
for $93,648,182, averaging $62.13 per hundred.
The support level for all tobacco offered in the Border Belt in 1961 averaged
$58.79 per hundred, which was well above the average support level of 55.50
for the 1961 crop year.
Final sales were held in this belt on September 28 for a season of 40 sales
days. In 1960 the season covered 46 days.
Type 12 — The Eastern Belt opened for the 19 61 marketing season on
August 22, one day earlier than the 1960 opening. The quality of offerings
was considerably better than the year before in this belt, with a noticeable
increase in the crop grading in the cutter grades. There was also more lemon
and orange color tobacco and less red and variegated compared with the pre-
vious year. About 83% of the grades showed grains ranging from $1.00 to
$9.00 per hundred, with only one grade, B4GL, showing a decline in price.
Farmers selling in this belt received a record high average price of $65.46
per hundred for 386,055.705 pounds of tobacco, which gave them a cash return
of $252,729,977. During the 1960 season growers received an average of $61.24
per hundred for 409,980,457 pounds, which returned them $251,077,871, or
$1,642,106 less than was received from the 1961 sales.
The support level for all tobacco sold in this belt averaged $57.69, which
was well above the average support level for the 1961 crop.
The Eastern Belt completed its 1961 marketing season on November 2,
covering a period of 52 sale days, compared with 53 in 1960.
Type IIB — The Middle Belt markets opened August .31, 19 61, which
was about a week earlier than the September 6 opening of 1960. The volume
of sales declined about 5% compared with the previous year, but the value of
sales reached an all time high level. The slight increase in value was due
mainly to improvement in quality plus increases in some grade prices rang-
ing from $1.00 to $10.00 per hundred. There were eleven red, variegated, and
immature grades that showed a decline in market average when compared
with the 1960 averages.
A record season average of $65.13 was obtained by growers who sold 146,-
297;458 pounds in this belt during the 1961 season. They received a record of
$95,283,770 from their sales. In 1960 producer sales averaged $61.61 for
154,414,952 pounds, which amounted to a cash return of $95,128,920.
The support level, as it was applied to all grades of tobacco offered for sale
in this belt during the 1961 marketing season, averaged $57.50 per hundred.
The Middle Belt marketing season closed out on November 16 after 55 sale
days, compared with 53 days in 1960.
Type llA — North Carolina Old Belt markets started 19 61 sales on Sep-
tember 12, which was about a week earlier than the opening of 1960. The
season was highlighted by record high prices and improved quality over the
previous year. Approximately 80% of the grades showed gains ranging from
$1.00 to $10.00 per hundred compared with 1960. There were only six grades
in this belt that showed declines in price from the previous year and they
were all immature grades, which emphasizes the importance of letting tobacco
become thoroughly ripe before harvesting.
Growers selling tobacco on North Carolina Old Belt markets obtained a
record high season average of $63.26 for 111,212,540 pounds of tobacco, which
gave them a cash return of $70,355,857. In 1960 growers received $60,254,514
for 102,415,172 pounds of tobacco, which averaged $58.83 per hundred.
The grade support levels for all tobacco sold in this belt during the 1961
marketing season averaged $56.67, which was slightly better than 90% of
Final sales were held in this belt on December 8, covering a period of 62
sale days as compared with 60 sale days in 1960.
Type 31 — North Carolina Burley markets at Asheville, Boone and West
Jefferson started the 1961-62 marketing season on November 27. The demand
was strong for burley tobacco, and the quality was much improved over the
previous year, due mainly to a good curing season. However, a large volume
of tobacco was marketed too wet because of the warm humid fall in which
many growers stripped tobacco when it was in too high case.
Even with the wet tobacco, growers still set a new record average price, of
$65.98 for 19,558,348 pounds sold during the 1961-62 season. The value of
these sales amounted to $12,904,498. During the 1960-61 marketing season
growers received $10,260,172 from the sale of 15.724,586 pounds of tobacco,
which averaged $65.25. Less than one per cent of the sales went into the
burley pool under government loan.
Final sales were held at Asheville on January 10, and at Boone and West
Jefferson on January 11, covering a period of 23 sale days. The 1960-61
season covered 25 sale days. • .. _
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Summary of N.C. Dealer and Warehouse
Resales — 1961 -62
Belt Pounds Dollars Resales
Producer and Gross Sales of Flue Cured
Tobacco by States — 1961
N. C. .
Stabilization Receipts by Belts — 1961
Flue Cured Movement In and Out of
N. C. Tobacco
Sold Out of State
Out of State Tobacco
Sold in N. C.
Burley Tobacco Movement In and Out of
N. C. Tobacco
Sold Out of State
Out of State Tob
acco Sold In N. C.
N. C. Flue-Cured Tobacco Allotmenl's'^
County No. Farms Allotment Raiik
Alamance - - 1,433
Anson -- 273
Cabarrus -. 1
Caldwell ..- 260
Chowan — 194
Cleveland — 1
Columbus _._. 5,065
Craven _ 1,820
Davie ._ 814
Duplin — 4,455
Edgecombe — ..__ 1,610
Forsyth _ 2,279
Gaston _____ 1
Gates ____ 127
Halifax ____ 2,206
Harnett ___ 3,706
Hoke _ _.:: 861
Jones _ 925
N. C. Flue-Cured Tobacco Allotments*
County No. Farms Allotment Rank
Lenoir _-. 1,885
New Hanover 89
Robeson — 4,839
State Total 119,996
*Source : USDA Agriculture Stabilization and Conservation.
N. C. Burley Tobacco Allotments'
County No. Farms Allotment Rank
Avery — . 243
Brunswick — _ 1
Buncombe .__. 3,065
Burke — - -- 11
Caldwell -.. 24
Clay .__ --. -... 199
Graham ._. 715
Granville - 1
Haywood .__- 2,040
Henderson _ 118
Lincoln ___. 2
Macon ____ 228
Madison _._. 2,970
Rutherford .._. 66
Stokes __.. 2
State Total 18,022
♦Source : USDA Agriculture Stabilization and Conservation.
USDA's Tobacco Inspection Service
Who is the most important man on the auction sales floor?
Some farmers say the warehouseman who owns the facility, fur-
nishes the sales force to place tobacco on the floor, pay off the
sales and start the auction by putting the first bid on a pile being-
sold. Others contend the buyer who puts the final bid on the
tobacco and whose company pays the bill for all purchases.
How about the third man, the USDA's tobacco inspector? His
responsibility to the grower is probably as important as either
of the other two and his judgment has a profound effect on the
check the grower receives at the pay off window.
The inspector is a highly trained specialist with a background
in tobacco judging, who has taken training courses and passed
tests to qualify for this work. The inspector precedes the auction
sale and certifies each basket as to grade, according to Federal
standards. This grade is, in reality, a description of each basket
of tobacco as to group, quality and color.
The grade placed on the warehouse ticket on each pile of flue-
cured tobacco establishes the support price at which the Govern-
ment agrees to accept the tobacco under the price support pro-
gram, provided the grower is a within quota producer.
At present there are 171 grades on the flue-cured price support
schedule of supported grades. The Federal system of grades
differs from company grades since it must describe all lots of
tobacco offered for sale. Therefore, how can the farmer get full
advantage of the services provided by the grading service ?
Having produced a crop of tobacco, the grower is still faced
with the problem of selling it for the best possible prices. First,
he needs to prepare his tobacco for market so that it meets the
requirements of prospective buyers. It is also helpful that the
grower understand the U. S. Standard grades which are easily
interpreted with a little instruction in their application. When
a lot of tobacco is sold at auction, many factors other than type
and quality may influence the selling price. As a result, it is not
unusual to see parts of a split lot sold at different prices. Nor is
it uncommon for selling prices of tobacco of the same quality and
other identical characteristics to vary considerably among dif-
ferent auction markets. The price variations are, to a large
extent, inherent in the system of auction selling.
For many years prior to the organization of the Flue-Cured
Tobacco Cooperative Stabilization Corporation in 1946, tobacco
inspection was available on only a few markets in the flue-cured
area. However, in 1941 the Government, through its lending
agencies, offered non-recourse loans on tobacco when marketing
quotas have been approved by growers. The loans on flue-cured
are administered through the Flue-Cured Stabilization Corpora-
tion. This organization places a support price on each basket of
growers' tobacco that is in sound and merchantable condition.
The U. S. Standard grade, recorded by the Government in-
spector on the warehouse ticket, establishes the rate of loan for
the basket. The grower then, by referring to the schedule of
loan rates by grades, can quickly determine the loan rate per
pound for the basket. He need not take less than this price if
he is otherwise eligible to participate in the price support pro-
The Federal inspection service was authorized in The Tobacco
Inspection Act of 1935. The Federal inspection, demonstration.
Federal tobacco grader inspecting pile of tobacco and farmer checking price
support list to determine advance price.
and market news services of the U. S. Department of Agriculture,
which are based on Government standard grades, provide an
impartial and unbiased measuring stick of grades and prices
which each grower can use.
This is how the loan program works. When marketing quotas
are in effect the price support level is 90 per cent of 1959 frozen
parity price, which for the 1961 crop was $55.5 per hundred
pounds. The market value of a lot of flue-cured tobacco is de-
termined largely by its grade. In effect, each buyer makes a
grade determination according to his own particular standards
before he decides how much to bid on a lot of tobacco. To make
sure that price support is available for all sound tobacco loan
rates are established on a grade basis by use of U. S. Standard
The rates for the various grades are established in such a
manner that the average for the total annual production is
equal to the price support level, or 90 per cent of parity.
The average farmer cannot spend enough time on the ware-
house floor to keep posted on the value of the different grades of
tobacco. The market news service gathers information on aver-
age prices by grade as a companion service to the inspection
service. The tobacco market price reports are placed at con-
venient locations in the auction warehouse.
The value of the inspection and market news services lies in
the fact that the certificate of grade on the warehouse ticket and
the price reports furnish a definite basis for making an intelli-
gent decision on whether or not to accept a bid.
North Carolina Tobacco Warehouses
and Operators By Belts and Markets
Cliadboiii'ii (one set buyers)
Producers — Jack W. Garrett, J. Franklin Bullard
Green-Teachey — Charlie Teachey, J. C. Green
Clarkton (one set buyers)
Bright Leaf— J. M. Bryant, B. F. Rivenbark, H. G. Perry
New Clarkton Whse. — Talley Bros. & Sons
Fair Bluflf (one set buyers)
Powell— A. H. Powell & Sons
Planters-Littleton's — Ray Haney
Fairmont (4 sets buyers)
People's Big 5 — E. J. Chambers, Yarboro & Garrett Co.
Davis & Mitchell Davis — F. A. Davis, Harry & Jack Mitchell
Holliday-Frye — E. H. Frye, J. W. and J. M. Holliday
Planters No. 1 & 2 — G. R. Royster, Daniel
Square Deal 1-2-3— W. C. Bassett
Star Carolina 1-2-3— W. M. Puckett
Liberty-Twin State— P. R. Floyd, Jr., Paul Wilson, F. P. Joyce, Joe Pell
Fayetteville (one set buyers)
Big Farmers 1 & 2 — P. L. Campbell
Planters — J. W. Stephenson, J. C. Adams
Liimberton (three sets buyers)
Carolina — M. A. Roycroft, J. L. Townsend
Smith-Dixie — Furman Biggs, Sr. & Jr.
Hedgepeth — R. A. Hedgepeth, R. L. Rollins
Liberty — R. H. Livermore
Star, Inc. — Hogan Teater, D. T. Stephenson
Lumberton Cooperative — C. E. McLaurin, Mgr.
Tabor City (one set buyers)
Carolina & New Farmers — R. C. Coleman, Mrs. Harriet Sikes
Planters — Don Watson, Mgr.
Whiteville (three sets buyers)
Crutchfield— G. E. & R. W. Crutuchfield
Lea's Big Dixie — William Townes Lea, Louie Love
Moore's — A. H. Moore, C. C. Mason, C. F. Jeffcoat
Nelson's No. 1 & 2 — John H. Nelson
Planters No. 1 & 2— A. O. King, Jr., J. W. Peay
Gray-Neal Farmers-Colum_bus County — A. Dial Gray, J. L. Neal
Liberty — J. W. Hooks, I. A. Barefoot & Sons
Smith — Ernest Smith, Paul Jeffreys
Ahoskie (one set buyers)
Basnight No. 1-2-3— L. L. Wilkens, H. G. Veazey
Farmers No. 1 & 2 — W. M. Odom, Pierce & Winborne
Clinton (one set buyers)
Carolina — L. D. Herring, C. J. Strickland
Ross No. 2 — Guy R. Ross
Farmers — H. A. Carr. J. A. Chestnut, J. J. Hill
Dunn (one set buyers)
Big 4 Warehouse — Tom Smothers, Jack Calhoun
Planters — Leland Lee, J. M. Smothers
Farmville (two sets buyers)
Bell's — Bell Brothers
Farmers & Monks — John N. Fountain, Mgr.
Planters & Prewits — Chester Worthington, W. A. Newell, B. S. Correll
Lee's — Gordon Lee, Carl Rowan
Goldsboro (one set buyers)
Carolina — S. G. Best, Bruce Smith
Farmers No. 1— S. B. Hill, Carl Holloman, J. F. Hill
Farmers No. 2— S. B. Hill, Carl Holloman, J. F. Hill
Big Brick — J. R. Musgrave
Victory — Richard Gray, Clarence Whitley
Greenville (five sets buyers)
Cannon's — W. T. Cannon, Carlton Dail
Farmers — J. A. Tripp
Star-Planters — Harding Suggs, B. B. Suggs, L. T. Hill
McGowan's — J. A. Worthington, Jack Moye
New Carolina No. 1 & 2 — Lee Paramore, Laddie Avery
New Independent — Bob Cullipher, F. L. Blount
"Victory — Harold Forbes, G. B. Jones
Raynor-Forbes — Noah Raynor, A. H. Forbes
Keel's — Ashley Wynne, Floyd McGowan
Harris & Rogers — R. E. Rogers
Kinston (four sets buyers)
Central — W. I. Herring
Farmers — J. T. Jenkins
Kinston Cooperative — S. W. Smith
Knott's New — H. G. Knott, W. E. Brewer
New Dixie — John Jenkins, Mgr. ■
Sheppard No. 1 & 2— J. T. Sheppard
New Central — W. I. Herring, Bill King
The Star Warehouse No. 1 — C. J. Herring
The Star Warehouse No. 2 — C. J. Herring
Banner — K. W. Loftin, Mgr.
Robersonville (one set buyers)
Adkins & Bailey — R. K. Adkins
Gray & Gray- (Red Front) — J. H. Gray, Jack Sharpe
Planters No. 1 & 2— H. T. Highsmlth, E. G. Anderson
Rocky Mount (four sets buyers)
Cobb & Carlton No. 1 & 2— W. E. Cobb, J. C. Carlton
Mangum — Roy M. Phipps
Planters No. 1-2-3 — W. H. Faulkner, Mgr.
Smith No. 1 & 2 — James D. Smith
Works Warehouse — R. J. Works & Son
Easley Warehouse Co., Inc. — H. A. Easley, Mgr.
Farmers Warehouse, Inc. — J. C. Holt Evans, Mgr.
Fenners — J. B. Fenner
Smithfield (two sets buyers)
Big Planters — J. B. Wooten, Mrs. W. A. Carter
Farmers No. 1 & 2 — Joe & C. E. Stephenson
Gold Leaf No. 1 & 2— R. A. Pearce
Perkins Riverside — N. L. Perkins
Wallace No. 1 — Lawrence and Dixon Wallace
Wallace No. 2 — Lawrence and Dixon Wallace
Skinner's — Frank Skinner
Tai"l)oro (one set buyers)
Clark's No. 1 & 2— H. I. Johnson, S. A. McConkey
Farmers No. 1 & 2— W. L. House, J. P. Bunn
Victory No. 1 & 2— Cliff Weeks, W. L. Leggett
Wallace (one set buyers)
Blanchard & Farrior — O. C. Blanchard, W. H. Farrior
Hussey No. 1 & 3 — Joe Bryant, Bill Hussey
Sheffield's— John Sheffield
Washington (one set buyers)
Sermons No. 1 & 2 — W. J. Sermons, J. E. Roberson
Talley-Hassell 1 & 2— M. M. Hassell, W. G. Talley
Wendell (one set buyers)
Farmers — Tripp Bros., Morris Tripp
Liberty 1 & 2— H. F. Harris, I. D. Medlin, J. W. Dale
Northside — G. Dean
Wilson (five sets buyers)
Big Dixie — E. B. Hicks, W. C. Thompson
Wainwright — G. L. Wainwright
Center Brick No. 1-2-3 — Cozart & Eagles Co.
Farmers — J. J. Gibbons, S. G. Deans
Growers Cooperative — S. E. Griffin, Mgr.
New Planters No. 1 & 2— R. T. & W. C. Smith, B. W. Carr
Smith Warehouse, Inc. — H. H. Harris, Jr., Mgr.
Watson — U. H. Cozart, Jr., Pres.
Clark's— C. R. & Boyd Clark
New Liberty — Carl B. Renfro
Williamstoii (one set buyers)
Farmers — John A. Griffin, Leman Barnhill
Rodgers Warehouse — Urbin Rogers, Russell Rogers
New Dixie — Jim Pierce, Fisher Harris
Wiiidsor (one set buyers)
Planters 1 & 2— C. B. & B. U. Griffin
Heckstall — Max Hux, Julian Heckstall
Spruills— H. B. Spruill
Aberdeen (one set buyers)
New Aberdeen — George Mabe, Tom Faulkner
Planters — W. Fentriss Phillips
Hardee's — Hugh T. Hardee
Carthage (one set buyers)
McConnells — G. Hoover Carter
Victory — Earl Ennis & Buck Layton
Durham (three sets buyers)
Liberty — John Walker Stone
Roycroft— H. T., M. A. & J. K. Roycroft, J. C. Currin
Star-Brick — A. L. Carver, Cozart, Currin
Farmers — J. M. Talley, Howard Talley, Bob Dale, Sam Mangum
EUerbe (one set buyers)
Farmers — R. P. Brim & S. H. Richardson
Richmond County — Bud Rummage & Roy Smith
Fuqviay-Varina (two sets buyers)
Big Top — Bill Talley & E. E. Clayton
New Deal— W. M., A. R., A. L. Talley
Central — J. C. Adams, J. W. Stephenson
Southside — J. C. Adams, J. W. Stephenson
Goldleaf— Sherrill Akins & J. W. Dail
Liberty — P. L. Campbell
Henderson (two sets buyers)
Banner— E. C. Huff, L. H. Wilkinson
Carolina — M. L. High
Moore's Big Henderson — A. H. Moore
Farmers — W. J. Alston, Jr.
High Price — C. J. Fleming, C. B. Turner
Liberty — George T. Robertson
Ellington — F. H. Ellington & Sons
Louisburg (one set buyers)
Big Franklkin— A. N. Wilson, S. T. & H. H. Cottrell
Southside A & B— Charlie Ford
Friendly Four — L. L. Sturdivant, James Speed
Oxford (two sets buyers)
Banner — W. L. Mitchell, Jr., David Mitchell
Mangum-Farmers — T. B. Williams, Julian Adcock, S. B. Knott
Fleming No. 1 & 2— G. B. Watkins, D. T. Currin
Planters & Johnson — C. R. Watkins, C. R. Watkins, Jr.
Owens No. 1 & 2 — J. S. Watkins, L. Gregory
Granville — L. S. Bryan, Jr., W. W. Yeargin
Sanford (one set buyers)
Wood 3-W No. 1 & 2— W. F. Wood
Twin City 1 & 2— W. M. Carter, T. V. Mansfield
King Roberts 1-2-3— King Roberts
Castleberrys — C. N. Castleberrys
Warrenton (one set buyers)
Boydd's— W. P. Burwell
Centre No. 1 & 2— M. D. Carroll
Farmers — E. G. Tarwater
Thompson — C. E. Thompson
Currin's 1 & 2— C. W. Currin
Burlington (one set buyers)
Carolina — Harold Perkins, Burch Keck
Coble — N. C. Newman, Curry King
Farmers — Bill & Jack McCauley
Greensboro (one set buyers)
Greensboro Tobacco Warehouse Co. — R. C. Coleman, Mgr.
Guilford County Tobacco Warehouse Co. — H. P. Smothers, W. B. Hull
Madison (one set buyers)
New Brick— R. T. Chilton, S. F. Webster
Carolina— R. T. Chilton, S. F. Webster
Sharpe & Smith— W. S. Smith, H. A. Fagg
Farmers — W. S. Smith, H. A. Fagg
Mebane (one set buyers)
Farmers 1 & 2 — Joe Dillard, Jule Allen
New Piedmont — A. O. Kingg, Jr., Billy Hopkins, Hugh Strayhorn
Mt. Airy (one set buyers)
Dixie 1 & 2— J. W. & J. L. Hunter
New Farmers — Tom Jones, Buck White, O. L. Badgett, F. V. Dearmin
Hunters — J. W., J. L. Hunter
ReidsAalle (one set buyers)
Farmers— C. E. Smith, P. D. McMichael, D. Huffines
Leader-Watts — A. P. Sands, A. G. Irvin, J. L. Pennix
Smothers— T. B. & J. M. Smothers
Browns — C. E. Smith, P. D. McMichael
Roxboro (one set buyers)
Farmers — Lindsay Wagstaff, R. L. Hester
Hyco — W. R. Jones, F. J. Hester, George Walker
Foacre — H. W. Winstead, Jr., Pres.
Planters No. 2— T. O. Pass
Winstead— T. T. & Elmo Mitchell
Pioneer— J. H. Merritt, D. L. Whitfield
Stoneville (one set buyers)
Joyce's No. 1 & 2—0. P. Joyce, Willis Wake
Farmers — F. A. Brown, P. M. Moorefield
Piedmont — J. J. Webster
Powell — Elmer Powell, Francis Brown
Winstoii-Salein (four sets buyers)
Brown — R. W. Newsome, W. B. Simpson
Carolina-Star — G. H. Robertson, H. M. Bouldin
Growers— Floyd Joyce, W. G. Sheets, J. R. Pell, M. M. Joyner
Pepper No. 1 & 2 — Fred Owens, F. L. Kellam
Taylor — Paul Taylor
Big Winston— R. T. & J. F. Carter
Cooks No. 1 & 2— B. E. Cook, C. B. Strickland, William Fowler, H. A.
N. C. BUKLEV BELT
Aslieville (two sets buyers — second set incomplete)
Burley-Dixie No. 1 & 2— L. J. Hill
Planters No. 1 & 2— J. W. Stewart
Bernard-Walker Warehouse — James E. Walker, Mgr.
Day's — Charlie Day
Boone (one set buyers)
Mountain Burley No. 1 & 2 — Joe E. Coleman
Farmers Burley — Joe E. Coleman
West Jefferson (one set buyers)
Tri-State Burley— C. C. Taylor, Rex Taylor
Farmers Burley — Tom Faulkner, Hoover Carter
DOMESTIC CIGARETTE CONSUMPTION
Total Domestic ConsTimptlon
495 Billion Cigarettes
North Carolina Department of Agriculture
L. Y. Ballentine, Commissioner
Number 168 May, 1962